Skip to content

How Do They Polish Rice to Achieve That Perfect Texture?

How Do They Polish Rice?

Rice is polished using a roller machine that has a cylindrical stone coated with an abrasive paste made of abrasive mineral and sorel cement mixed with water.

The brown rice is then rubbed against the abrasive roller and a leather pad to remove the bran and create white rice.

The process is efficient and uses high-purity CUMI SHARP grains, which offer uniform polishing, shorter processing time, and longer life for the paste on the rolling stone.

The finished rice can also be recycled for different rice qualities.

Quick Tips and Facts:

1. Did you know that one of the methods used to polish rice is known as friction polishing? The rice grains are subjected to high-speed friction inside a polishing machine, which helps remove the outer husk and gives them their characteristic shine.

2. Another lesser-known fact about rice polishing is that sometimes a fine powder made from the crushed leaves of a specific plant is used. This plant, called ‘sasa,’ contains enzymes that assist in breaking down the husk, resulting in smoother and more polished rice grains.

3. Rice polishing isn’t just about aesthetics; it also plays a role in removing impurities. The polishing process can eliminate minute dust particles, debris, and even some chemicals that may have adhered to the rice during cultivation, ensuring a cleaner final product.

4. In the past, rice polishing was heavily reliant on manual labor. Workers would hand-polish the rice grains using friction between their own hands or by using large grinding stones. This labor-intensive process has now been largely replaced by machinery, making the polishing stage more efficient and less time-consuming.

5. When it comes to polishing rice, the goal is not necessarily to remove all of the nutrients. While the outer husk contains most of the fiber and some vitamins, the polishers aim to strike a balance between removing impurities and maintaining a certain level of nutritional value in the end product.

Milling Process: Removing Chaff To Create Brown Rice

The production of white rice begins with the milling process, which involves the removal of the outer covering of the rice seed, known as the chaff. This initial step results in the production of brown rice. The removal of chaff is essential as it contains a layer of protective husk and an inedible bran layer that surrounds the rice kernel.

To achieve this, the rice seeds are fed into a roller machine equipped with a cylindrical stone. This stone is coated with a paste made up of an abrasive mineral and sorel cement, which is a mixture containing magnesium hydroxide (Mg(OH)2) and magnesium chloride (MgCl2), and is mixed with water. This abrasive paste helps in breaking down and removing the chaff from the rice seeds.

The roller machine uses a combination of pressure and friction to effectively remove the chaff. The rice seeds are passed through the machine, and the abrasive roller rubs against them, ensuring the outer layers are gently scraped away. This process results in the transformation of the rice seed into brown rice, ready for further finishing.

Further Finishing: Removing Bran To Obtain White Rice

While brown rice is often considered a healthier option due to its higher fiber content, white rice remains the preferred choice for many because of its lighter texture and milder flavor.

To achieve white rice, an additional step is required in the milling process of brown rice. This step involves the removal of the bran layer that surrounds the rice kernel. This removal is important as the bran contains oils and tannins, which can cause the rice to spoil more quickly and have a shorter shelf life.

The bran removal process utilizes a combination of machinery and sieving techniques. The brown rice is passed through milling machines that utilize friction and pressure to gently break away the bran layer. Through this sieving process, the bran is separated from the rice, resulting in the production of white rice with its characteristic polished appearance.

Abrasive Roller And Leather Pad: Polishing Brown Rice

Polishing brown rice is essential for achieving its glossy appearance and smooth texture. This process involves using an abrasive roller and a leather pad to effectively rub and polish the rice grains. By removing any remaining outer layers, consistently polished rice grains are produced.

The abrasive roller is a critical component in the rice polishing process. It is coated with a paste made from a combination of abrasive minerals and sorel cement, mixed with water. This mixture provides exceptional hardness and wear resistance, ensuring uniform polishing of the grains as they pass through the roller. Ultimately, this gives the rice its distinctive shine.

In addition to the abrasive roller, a leather pad is also used to further enhance the polishing process. The combination of the roller and leather pad enables thorough and even polishing of the grains, resulting in visually appealing rice with a smooth texture.

Recycling Finished Rice: Maintaining Rice Quality

In the production of white rice, the finished product can be recycled back into the process to create different rice qualities. This recycling process ensures that no rice goes to waste and allows for the production of various rice types based on consumer preferences.

The recycling of finished rice involves reintroducing the polished rice grains into the production line. This can be done by combining the recycled rice with new rice seeds during the milling process. By doing so, different types of rice, such as long-grain or short-grain rice, can be produced, offering consumers a wide range of options.

Additionally, recycling the finished rice helps maintain overall rice quality. The addition of recycled rice to the milling process does not negatively impact the quality of the final product. Instead, it provides an opportunity to maintain consistency and optimize the production process to meet the demand for different rice varieties without compromising quality.

  • Recycling finished rice allows for the production of different rice qualities.
  • The polished rice grains are reintroduced into the production line.
  • Different types of rice, such as long-grain or short-grain rice, can be produced.
  • Recycled rice helps maintain overall rice quality by maintaining consistency.
  • The addition of recycled rice does not compromise the quality of the final product.

“The recycling of finished rice ensures that no rice goes to waste and offers a wide range of rice options based on consumer preferences.”

Benefits Of Cumi Sharp Grains: High Purity And Wear Resistance

A crucial element in the rice polishing process is the use of Cumi Sharp grains. These grains have several beneficial properties that contribute to the efficient and effective polishing of rice.

Cumi Sharp grains are known for their high purity, ensuring that they do not contaminate the rice during the polishing process. The purity of these grains plays a critical role in the production of high-quality rice, free from any impurities or foreign particles.

Moreover, Cumi Sharp grains offer exceptional strength, hardness, and wear resistance. These qualities are crucial in the rice polishing process as they allow for consistent and uniform polishing of the rice grains. The high strength and hardness of the grains ensure they can withstand the pressure and friction involved in the polishing process, resulting in the desired polished texture.

Additionally, the wear resistance of the Cumi Sharp grains contributes to their longevity, meaning that they maintain their effectiveness for an extended period. This results in shorter processing times and reduced maintenance needs as the grains can be utilized for longer periods without degradation.

  • High purity ensures no contamination
  • Exceptional strength, hardness, and wear resistance for consistent polishing
  • Longer lifespan results in shorter processing times and reduced maintenance needs

“Cumi Sharp grains are a crucial element in the rice polishing process, offering high purity, exceptional strength, hardness, and wear resistance. Their contribution to consistent polishing and longevity results in shorter processing times and reduced maintenance needs.”

Enhanced Rice Processing: Uniform Polishing And Longer Paste Life

The utilization of Cumi Sharp grains in the rice polishing process enhances overall rice processing efficiency. The high purity of these grains, coupled with their wear resistance and hardness, ensures uniform polishing of the rice grains. This uniformity is essential in achieving a consistent appearance and texture throughout each grain of rice.

Moreover, the use of Cumi Sharp grains also extends the life of the abrasive paste applied to the roller machine’s cylindrical stone. The exceptional wear resistance of the grains means that they maintain their effectiveness, resulting in the longevity of the paste. This not only reduces the frequency of paste replacement but also contributes to significant time savings in the rice polishing process.

In conclusion, the process of polishing rice involves a series of steps, starting with the milling process to remove the chaff and create brown rice. Further finishing is done to remove the bran, resulting in white rice. The use of an abrasive roller and leather pad ensures the polishing of brown rice grains, giving them a glossy appearance and smooth texture. Finished rice can be recycled back into the process, maintaining overall rice quality. The use of Cumi Sharp grains enhances the efficiency of the rice processing, providing uniform polishing and longer life for the paste.

Frequently Asked Questions

Is it necessary to polish rice?

Polishing rice is not a necessary process, as it not only removes the outer bran layer but also diminishes its protein content. While the removal of bran may improve the appearance of rice, it comes at the expense of its nutritional value. Maintaining the natural state of rice ensures that individuals can benefit from its full nutritional potential, ensuring they receive the necessary nourishment for overall health and well-being.

How is white rice polished?

During the white rice polishing process, known as “whitening,” the first layer of bran on unpolished rice is removed through scraping. This transformation alters the appearance and texture of the grain but also diminishes its nutritional content. The purpose of this refining method is to achieve the desired polished white appearance, although it comes with a trade-off in terms of nutrients.

How does rice get polished?

After the rice kernels have undergone the whitening process, they are further refined using rice polishers. These mechanical devices, equipped with abrasive components, delicately buff the outer layer of the rice grains. Usually, talc or another finely powdered substance is employed to achieve a smoother and more polished appearance. Interestingly, in Japanese farming communities, a communal rice polishing machine is often found, where local farmers come together to utilize this device for all their rice polishing needs. This not only fosters a sense of communal sharing but also promotes efficiency in the rice polishing process.

What chemicals are used in rice polishing?

The process of rice polishing involves the use of several chemicals to achieve the desired result. Magnesium silicate, calcium carbonate, glucose, and starch are the main components used in the preparation of the polishing agent. Magnesium silicate helps in the removal of impurities and provides a smooth texture to the rice grains. Calcium carbonate aids in the whitening process, improving the appearance of the rice. Glucose and starch, on the other hand, contribute to the polishing agent’s adhesive properties, helping it adhere to the rice grains during the polishing process. The combination of these chemicals ensures that the rice achieves its characteristic white and polished appearance.

Share this post on social!